Thursday, August 27, 2020
In the mid 1600s, the time that Ã¢â¬Å"HamletÃ¢â¬ was composed, the subjects of intensity governmental issues identified with the household would have been unquestionably progressively applicable to the crowd as of now, these two topics interweaved especially inside the government which is genetic implying that the force originates from family. Again this connection is shown by James IÃ¢â¬â¢s 1603 discourse to Parliament where he expressed that he was Ã¢â¬Å"the Husband and the entire Isle [his] legal wifeÃ¢â¬ demonstrating the household perspective on numerous political relations and furthermore the possibility of James I as a spouse administering over his nation which was his better half. This likewise acquires another topic of strategic maneuvers in Hamlet being shown by man centric strength, for example, the force Polonius has over Ophelia. We likewise observe the intensity of men on their families overall and how characters us their family connections and loyalties to pick up power. All through Ã¢â¬Å"HamletÃ¢â¬ we see various children avenging their fathersÃ¢â¬â¢ passings, including old and youthful Fortinbras, Laertes and Polonius and old and youthful Hamlet. These cause to notice the household disaster component of Ã¢â¬Å"HamletÃ¢â¬ and with respect to whether Hamlet looks for vengeance for his fatherÃ¢â¬â¢s passing because of his adoration for his dad or on account of his obligation to him and the force Old HamletÃ¢â¬â¢s phantom has over Hamlet. At the point when we see Hamlet addressing the Ghost of Old Hamlet, it is by all accounts a cozy relationship with Old Hamlet communicating worries for his child, expressing Ã¢â¬Å"taint not the mindÃ¢â¬ recommending that Hamlet ought not permit the demonstration of retribution to Ã¢â¬Å"taintÃ¢â¬ his profound quality. This is an odd ask from Old Hamlet as murder will without a doubt influence HamletÃ¢â¬â¢s feeling of profound quality. In any case, inside their discussion, HamletÃ¢â¬â¢s commitment to vindicate his dad is likewise made obvious by the apparition himself who discloses to Hamlet that in the wake of hearing what he needs to state, Hamlet will be Ã¢â¬Å"boundÃ¢â¬ to vindicate. The word Ã¢â¬Å"boundÃ¢â¬ shows how HamletÃ¢â¬â¢s father anticipates that Hamlet should retaliate for him and accepts this is the thing that he ought to do, demonstrating Old HamletÃ¢â¬â¢s control over his child as this is the thing that he in the long run does. We additionally observe Old HamletÃ¢â¬â¢s predominance in various different manners including the way that he rules the discussion and his physical strength as he has been depicted as a Ã¢â¬Å"valiantÃ¢â¬ man who Ã¢â¬Å"smoteÃ¢â¬ his opponents, which differences to what we see of Hamlet, who is a researcher depending more upon his mind than his capacity to battle. This strength is at long last indicated when Hamlet is cautioned not to go with the phantom however overlooks his friendsÃ¢â¬â¢ counsel and expresses that he Ã¢â¬Å"will follow itÃ¢â¬ . We additionally observe the intensity of the dad in the connection among Polonius and his two childrea: Laertes and Ophelia. We see Polonius advising his kids how to act and to Ã¢â¬Å"give thy contemplations no tongueÃ¢â¬ , but then, unexpectedly, Polonius seems to have a urgent need all through the play, offering out a lot of absurd guidance and suppositions. To add to this incongruity, Polonius lets them know Ã¢â¬Å"to thine own self be trueÃ¢â¬ , as everything he does is prompt and advise individuals how to act, this attempts to some degree scorn PoloniusÃ¢â¬â¢ abilities as a counsel. In any case, Ophelia should in any case hear him out as in the seventeenth century, the little girl was viably the property of the dad until she was hitched and in this way should acknowledge what her dad stated, as observed when Ophelia says, Ã¢â¬Å"I will comply, my lordÃ¢â¬ . This dutifulness opens up Ophelia to be utilized as a political pawn independently to pick up favor and consequently power with the King. This control of Ophelia by Polonius proposes that ShakespeareÃ¢â¬â¢s play is an analysis of intensity legislative issues as it induces much about the Renaissance court and its activities, scrutinizing it. Moreover, we see the male strength that Laertes has over his sister, Ophelia, in any case, not at all like Polonius, he doesn't appear to utilize this for his potential benefit or to pick up power. He cautions Ophelia away from Hamlet as Ã¢â¬Å"on his decision depends the wellbeing and soundness of this entire stateÃ¢â¬ . Right now, ground-breaking families regularly utilized marriage as a methods for fashioning strategic, political or social allegiences, by and by connecting the individual to the political. In any case, while Laertes has control over Ophelia, it doesnÃ¢â¬â¢t seem, by all accounts, to be for his own bit of leeway as it is the situation with Polonius, hence recommending that his interests are veritable and out of adoration for his sister. Therefore, it reinforces the understanding of Hamlet as a residential catastrophe. To finish up, I accept that in a significant number of the connections in Ã¢â¬Å"HamletÃ¢â¬ , there is a blend of intensity legislative issues and home life with characters utilizing their families as a methods for picking up force or utilizing their capacity to get what they need. These add to making the line between strategic maneuvers and local connections increasingly muddled.
Saturday, August 22, 2020
Robert Bakker - A Profile of the Famous Paleontologist Name:Ã Robert Bakker Conceived: 1945 Nationality:Ã American About Robert Bakker Most likely no scientist alive today has had as quite a bit of an effect on mainstream society as Robert Bakker. Bakker was one of the specialized counsels for the first Jurassic Park film (alongside two different acclaimed figures from the dinosaur world, Jack Horner and the science author Don Lessem), and a character in the continuation The Lost World, Dr. Robert Burke, was propelled by him. He has additionally composed a smash hit novel (Raptor Red, about a typical day for an Utahraptor), just as the 1986 verifiable book The Dinosaur Heresies. (Theres a touch of an in-joke in The Lost World: Bakker trusts Tyrannosaurus Rex was a predator, while Horner trusts T. Rex was a forager, so having Burke eaten entire in the film loans backing to the previous speculation!) Among his kindred scientistss, Bakker is most popular for his hypothesis (enlivened by his tutor John H. Ostrom) that dinosaurs were warm-blooded, highlighting the dynamic conduct of raptors like Deinonychus and the physiology of sauropods, whose wanton hearts, Bakker contends, wouldnt have been equipped for siphoning blood as far as possible up to their heads, 30 or 40 feet over the ground. AlthoughÃ Bakker is known for expressing his viewsÃ¢ forcefully, not the entirety of his kindred researchers are persuaded, some regarding them proposing that dinosaurs may have had middle of the road or homeothermic digestion systems as opposed to being carefully warm-or unfeeling. Ã¢â¬â¹Bakker is a touch of free thinker in another manner: notwithstanding being the keeper of fossil science at the Houston Museum of Natural Science, hes likewise an ecumenical Pentecostal priest who likes to contend against deciphering scriptural messages actually, liking to consider the To be and Old Testaments as advisers for morals instead of to recorded or scientificÃ¢ facts. Uncommonly for a scientist who has had such an outsized effect on his field, Bakker isnt particularly notable for his field work; for example, he hasnt found or named any dinosaurs (or ancient creatures) of note, however he had a deliver exploring Allosaurus settling sitesÃ¢ in WyomingÃ¢ (and reasoning that the hatchlings of these predators got at any rate a small portion of parental consideration). Bakkers impact can be followed most importantly to The Dinosaur Heresies; huge numbers of the hypotheses he advances in this book (counting his hypothesis that dinosaurs developed significantly more quickly than had been recently accepted) have since been broadly acknowledged by both the logical foundation and the overall population.
Friday, August 21, 2020
NCAA Basketball Terms - Research Paper Outline and PutbackThe outline and the Putback are two unique play calls that make their home on the fine margins of the college basketball game. Unfortunately they will be given a free pass by the majority of young basketball minds. It is the same type of thinking that leads players to jump too much when they are open. The only difference is, when you get to the college level, it doesn't matter how many inches you add to your vertical jump, because nobody is going to challenge you with an inside dunk.The outline is a set shot at the basket. The player takes a dribble and finds the right spot for a Putline. After the defense rotates to face the Putline, the shooter enters a zone that would allow him to take advantage of the rebound in order to draw the foul. Usually, the defender would be at a hard stop.On the other hand, the Putback is a jump shot at the free throw line that is designed to draw a foul. When the defender commits to defending the Putback, the basketball player has a huge window of opportunity. The defender has already hit his man and now there is nothing between the backboard and the basket. The best paybacks are the ones that are designed to draw a foul. The only drawback to the Putback is that the defense can slide to help the ball get to the rim, but the defender will never be able to read the defender's body language, which will allow the ball to roll free towards the basket.During the college game, the outline is the first call to be made. It is also one of the easiest calls to make. In most cases, the defense will slide down and the offense has the choice of taking the ball to the basket or getting fouled by calling a Putback. The best read the offense can make is to take the ball into the post.A Catch-and-shoot is a three-point play. There are many different ways to score a Catch-and-shoot, such as the pick-and-pop, the kick out, the feed and the rolling three. When a Catch-and-shoot is called, the o ffensive player must either drive or dish to an open teammate.A Fry is a drive that starts from the free throw line, which results in a two-pointer. When the defense rotates to contest the drive, the offensive player can shoot the three-pointer over the top of the defender. A Fry is typically designed to open up a three-point shot, and is generally the last play to be called when the defense anticipates the drive to the basket.The Post is the second team's offense and is typically run in transition. The Post is usually used to open up a three-point shot for a teammate who had a great series of drives during the game. The Post is usually used when the defense has rotated to contain the play at the rim, or the team needs a quick basket on the break.Most fouls during a game are automatically whistled for two-pointers. These types of fouls are not necessarily called because of the spacing on the court. The rule in the NCAA is that the defender has the right to reach in order to prevent a drive or any other type of shooting action. A fast break, or any other play that involves moving toward the basket, is not automatically ruled a foul when a defender reaches in an attempt to block a drive.
Monday, May 25, 2020
1 The Future of Nursing Cathleen Atkins Grand Canyon University September 16th, 2012 The Future 2 The future of healthcare is dependent upon the role nurses play in the care of the patient. A committee was formed between the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation and the Institute of Medicine to address the needs of reformation of nursing. The purpose of the study was multifold. The study looked at ways to reform our healthcare system to meet the challenges of safe, quality patient care while maintaining affordability and accessibility with the help of a transformed nursing profession. The transformation of the nursing profession focuses on three main areas. The areas include education, nurse practice setting, and the nursesÃ¢â¬â¢ roleÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦Nurses with their BSN The Future 3 degree is usually favored over the ADN degree nurse to be hired in an acute setting. Although there is a shortage of nursing faculty the ADN degree student has a variety of options open to them to obtain their BSN degree. Many colleges and universities offer an online pr ogram to achieve higher education. The nurse practice setting is an ever evolving entity. Legislation is underway to shift healthcare toward prevention and wellness, primary care and transitional care settings. The shift will deviate from the areas of acute and specialty care. Advanced Registered Nurse Practitioners play an important role in the primary care setting. Most ARNPÃ¢â¬â¢s are limited in their scope of practice by the state in which they live, although they received the education to provide advanced care. Sometimes the ARNPÃ¢â¬â¢s extensive and specialized training cannot be put to use because of policy regulations or barriers. Some barriers have resulted because of a limited work force while other barriers are due to a flawed healthcare system. An Advanced Registered Nurse PractitionerÃ¢â¬â¢s education has taught them how to work with different entities to successfully take care of a chronically ill patient. ARNPsÃ¢â¬â¢ can work with a team of physical therapists, nutritionists or social wo rkers to help manage the overall health of the patient. If the patientÃ¢â¬â¢s condition is more complex than what the ARNP can take care of then theShow MoreRelatedThe Future of Nursing966 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesThe Future of Nursing In 2010 the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation (RWJK), a subsidiary of the Institute of Medicine (IOM), issued a report on nursing called, The Future of Nursing: Leading Change, Advancing Health, (http://www.iom.edu/Reports/2010/The-Future-of-Nursig-Leadership-Change-Advancing-Health.aspx). According to the IOM official website, (http://www.iom.edu/), Ã¢â¬Å"Ã¢â¬ ¦the IOM provides independent, objective, evidence-based advice to policy makers, health professional, the private sectorRead MoreThe Future of Nursing999 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesFUTURE OF NURSING * SUTHA FERNANDO Ã¢â¬â DATE: 12-23-2012 GRAND CANYAN UNIVERSITY ABSTRACT The Institute of Medicine has thoroughly analyzed the Future of Nursing and submitted report. The Institute of Medicine (IOM) is a nonprofit organization that works independently, provides unbiased and authoritative advice to general public as well as government. In this essay we would discuss about the significance of report and recommendations of IOM. In 2010 the IOM has advised the GovernmentRead MoreThe Future of Nursing940 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesÃ¯ » ¿ The Future of Nursing Grand Canyon University Professional Dynamics NRS-430V The Future of Nursing Looking back over 150 years ago, the nursing profession has changed drastically. Even just the uniform of nurses changed from the white dresses with panty hose and a white cap to scrubs with pants. Here are a few other examples of change in the profession: Ã¢â¬Å"there was a time in the past when only physicians took blood pressures, performed phlebotomy and administered blood; andRead MoreThe Future of Nursing1402 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesÃ¯ » ¿Future of Nursing Introduction ONE: Discuss the work of the Committee of the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation (RWJF)Ã¢â¬ ¦that led to the IOM report, Future of Nursing: Leading Change, Advancing HealthÃ¢â¬ ¦ The committee was led by former Department of Health and Human Services Secretary Donna Shalala, and was asked to create basically a blueprint for how the nursing profession can transform itself into a more potent and relevant force, Harvey V. Fineberg wrote (on page ix). The nursing committee wasRead MoreFuture of Nursing1315 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesThe Future of Nursing July 14, 2013 The Future of Nursing According to the Institute of Medicine (IOM), the nursing profession is the largest population in the nation s health care workforce with over three million members. Because of this, nurses have a fundamental role in the transformation of the nation s rapidly changing health care environment. To achieve this role, the IOM addressed several key recommendations to serve as a guide to the direction of the future of nursing (InstituteRead MoreThe Future of Nursing1170 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesThe Future of Nursing Carrie Curell Grand Canyon University: NRS-430-0191 Professional Dynamics 02/23/2013 The Future of Nursing The Institute of Medicine (IOM) has researched how nursing as we know it will and is changing. They have written a report called Ã¢â¬Å"The Future of Nursing: Leading Change, Advancing HealthÃ¢â¬ that outlines the impact of these changes on education, nursing practice, and nurses as leaders and made recommendations on the necessary changes. Regarding the impact of educationRead MoreFuture of Nursing1378 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pages2010 IOM report on the future of nursing 1. Running Head: PROFESSIONAL DEVELOPMENT OF NURSING PROFESSIONALS Professional development of nursing professionals: 2010 IOM report on the future of nursing Awudu BraimahRead MoreFuture of Nursing1041 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesThe Vision for Nursing is a Bright Nur/391 Sharon Berry Facilitator Arlene Leyba December 1, 2014 United ICN, the nurses of all nations speak with one voice. We speak as advocates for all those we serve, and for all the unserved, insisting that prevention, care and cure be the right of every human being. We are in the vanguard of health care progress, shaping health policy around the world through our expertise, the strength of our numbers, the alignment of our efforts, and ourRead MoreThe Future of Nursing834 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesÃ¯ » ¿Running head: The Future Nursing The Future Nursing The Future of Nursing The Affordable Care Act of 2010 (ACA) will have a great effect on nursing. According to this article nursing will have to change it role in the ACA and the three main categories that need to be changed and redeveloped is transforming practice, education and leadership. Ã¢â¬Å"The ACA outlines some new health care arrangements, and with these structures will come new opportunities for new rolesRead MoreThe Future of Nursing1181 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesThe Future of Nursing Grand Canyon University NRS-440V 3.24.13 Introduction This paper will discuss various aspect of the future of health care focusing on the future of how nursing will play an ever-important role in the reformation of health care. Presentation regarding, the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation Initiative on the future of nursing, at the Institute of Medicine report entitled, Ã¢â¬Å"Future of Nursing: Leading Change, Advancing Health,Ã¢â¬ will help set the stage for this paper. Discussion
Friday, May 15, 2020
The primary concern will be the impact it has on the ability of nurses to provide quality health care. With fewer staff, nurses are required to work longer hours and assume additional responsibilities. Overworked nurses, burdened with fatigue and job stress, are more prone to accidental errors and a reduction in timely medical attention. A survey of registered nurses indicated that 79 percent of hospital-employed RNs believed that short staffing contributed to a reduction in the quality of patient care (Buerhaus et al, 2005). A long-term and escalating nursing shortage could contribute to the 98,000 deaths per year due to medical errors as reported by the Institute of Medicine in 2000 (Buerhaus et al, 2005). Aside from the important issue of the quality of patient care is the factor of rising health care costs. As the labor supply of qualified nurses shrinks, the competition for nurses increases. A wage war may result from the shortage and will contribute to the rising costs as hosp itals increase the wages and compensatory packages for their staff. Costs associated with temporary hiring practices have also increased due to the shortage. We will write a custom essay sample on The Impact of the Nursing Shortage on Patient Care or any topic specifically for you Only $17.96 $11.86/pageorder now While an increase in wages may seem to benefit the nurses, increased demands may not be worth the cost. Nurses working extended shifts and longer hours may come under increased scrutiny from administrators and government regulators struggling to eliminate the human errors and the increased cost of malpractice insurance. According to Rivers, "An increase in errors related to fatigue significantly increases the cost of malpractice insurance". The continuing nursing shortage will have its greatest effects on future nurses that will be entering the field or are currently enrolled in a nursing program. Nursing, a field that will have the greatest number of job openings in the next decade, may find it is short of qualified instructors in the future. As wages increase, instructors may be tempted to leave teaching positions and take a position as a practicing nurse to reap the economic benefits.
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
Australia is a country with cultural and ethnic diversity. People in this country have right to express and share their individual culture, religious belief and values. In this diverse environment, there are several of reasons why nurses can refuse to participate in procedures, which are against as well as unacceptable in their own religious, moral, ethical beliefs and value as a health care professional. However, there should be a fine line between those religious, moral belief and the individualÃ¢â¬â¢s personal convenience and preference. This essay will discuss on the right of nurses to refuse to participate in procedure, which are not acceptable in terms of their religious, moral and ethical value. It also states what are the reasonable steps to be taken and the situation that should be and exemption due to patient welfare. Furthermore explain why the fear, personal convenience or preference should not be the reason for the nurses to restrain from their duty and care. As stated in the first sentence of the introduction, Australia is a multicultural country. Nurses as well as patients are from different ethnic background and hold their own individual values. Common wealth government has identified cultural identity as one of the three dimension of multicultural policy which states that all Australians has right to express and share their own culture heritage, beliefs and values (What is multiculturalism?, 2014). They should not be forced to exercise something that isShow MoreRelatedThe Impact Of Ethnic Diversity On The Development Of An Entrepreneur1617 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesActivity (TEA) in countries like Australia, Canada and United States, whereas there is low TEA in Norway and United Kingdom . Generally, entrepreneurship can be defined as Ã¢â¬Å"a purposeful activity to initiate, maintain and develop a profit-orientated businessÃ¢â¬ . However, for one to succeed as an entrepreneur, they must go beyond the Ã¢â¬ËnormÃ¢â¬â¢ and different iate themselves from other competing entrepreneurs; this may be achieved by embracing both social and ethnic diversity. Social diversity refers to the differentRead MoreMulticulturalism And Its Impact On Society1585 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesAccording to Takaki and Rattansi, Multiculturalism was a concept that played a vital role in how cultures assembled together in celebration of cultural diversity and pluralism to redress the inequalities all throughout the world. Through the readings, it is easy to identify that multiculturalism made a daily impact on people. The most critical social groups such as race, gender, religion, sexuality, nationality, and disability face the most constraint and enmity on social identity and opportunityRead MoreThe Tourism Industry : An Source Of Revenue For Many Countries1226 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesindustry has become an increasingly important source of revenue for many countries. In the global environment concept, the tourism is the main communicator and promotor of the international trade. The expansion of the tourism creates many advantages and also cause some critical issues including social dislocations, Negative impacts on local culture and social structure, disruptive for the ecological and biological diversity. The minimising negative impact and managing the tourism industry with moreRead MoreAustralia s An Diverse Population Spread Across Its Continent990 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesAustralia has an incredibly diverse population spread across its continent, with the census clearly showing how they attempt to exclude racial taxonomy from their statistics. In 1980 Australia adopted a more concise way of identifying ethnicity by using several distinguishing characteristics: Ã¯â § a long shared history, the memory of which is kept alive Ã¯â § a cultural tradition, including family and social customs, sometimes religiously based Ã¯â § a common geographic origin Ã¯â § a common language (but notRead MoreTranscultural Nursing : An Individual s Culture, Values Beliefs, And Practices1176 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesdifficult due to the cultural and ethnic diversity within our society. Australia is a multicultural society. The 2011 Census revealed that almost a quarter of the population were born overseas, and 43.1 per cent of people have at least one overseas-born parent. The ever-increasing multicultural population in Australia poses a significant challenge to nurses providing individualised and holistic care to their patients. This requires nurses to recognise and appreciate cultural differences in healthcareRead MoreThe Effectiveness Of Australia s Multicultural Policy1498 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesfacing countless trials in successfully integrating into Australian society and this has an impact on the countryÃ¢â¬â¢s social cohesion. This essay will be supported by an interview with Cooper from Australia, Fang from China, Vo from Vietnam and Ngeno from Kenya. Introduction The 1978 implementation of Australia s multiculturalism policy was founded on the principles of social cohesion. The Australian government (2013) has been critical in supporting the assimilation of migrants and has a number of initiativesRead MoreThe Importance Of Language For Aboriginal People1286 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagespeople In 1788, when the settlers arrived in Australia, there were about 250 Indigenous languages. These distinct languages had many dialects. Today, there are about 145 languages spoken by Aboriginals, however only 18 languages remain strong in Australia. Language is a sense of identity for the Aboriginal people, is a way to communicate. Language is individual to specific tribes and unique to people and communities. Language is used to pass on cultural knowledge such as songs, bush tucker and traditionalRead MoreA Family Friend : Kelly Waipouri976 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesIn order to learn about our own ethnic identity, we must first study the people around us. These individuals shape our values, stimulate our social development and influence our perception of the world. Thus, I have decided to interview a family friend: Kelly Waipouri. Kelly was born in 1980 and raised in Dunedin, New Zealand. In 2011, Kelly migrated to Australia with her husband and three children. KellyÃ¢â¬â¢s youngest child identifies as transgender. In relation to gender, family, culture and equityRead MoreGlobalization And Its Effects On Culture1087 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesthat from 2015-2050, 91 million people are expected to migrate to high-income countries and p roduce an 82 percent increase in population in destination countries. Clearly, the prospect of steady migration and the continuing effects of globalization are expected to produce more multicultural societies. Unfortunately for many, Ã¢â¬Å"foreignÃ¢â¬ has become synonymous with danger (Rothkopf). The debate between cultural unity and cultural plurality dates back to the Greeks where they questioned universal human goodnessRead MoreThe Impact Of Diversity On Strategic Marketing1556 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesThe impact of diversity in strategic marketing in todayÃ¢â¬â¢s society has increased in the American population. Before we get in depth with this letÃ¢â¬â¢s find out what is diversity marketing according to (diversity marketing) Customers in different cultures have different values, experiences, expectations, and ways of interacting. Even within a culture, such differences will be apparent between different subgroups not just ethnicity, but also age, gender, profession, religi on, family size, physical environment
Tuesday, May 5, 2020
Two case-studies of relatively simple autonomous robot projects followed by a discussion of embodied cognition, emergent behaviour and how these concepts apply to the above robots. This document is comprised of case studies of two autonomous robot projects, namely Frank Scotts Hexapod Robots, and MITs Robot Ant Colony. Each case study describes the behaviour each robot exhibits, and technical information on how this behaviour is executed including mechanical parts, digital circuitry and programming techniques. The case studies are followed by a discussion of embodied cognition, and how the above robots actions can be explained in terms of embodied cognition. It also discusses emergent phenomenon, both in nature and artificially intelligent robots. The Rodney series of robots refers to a group of three six-legged autonomous robots whose design is based upon Rodney Brooks subsumption architecture. Rodney 3 is the most refined and recent robot. It supersedes both Rodney 1 2 and for this reason will be the focus of this summary. We will write a custom essay sample on Artificial Minds: Autonomous Robots or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page Rodney 3 is designed to operate in an environment featuring a slightly uneven surface that may be interrupted by many small obstacles and an occasional large obstacle, e.g. a pebbled track with the odd large stone or similar obstacle. The robots task is to climb over the smaller objects, and to avoid objects that are too large to climb over. To achieve the climbing action, all six legs must be able to operate independently of each other. The robot travels forward in a straight line until a large object is encountered. To avoid the object, it must reverse a few steps, shift its direction and continue its forward motion.